On FreeBSD

Google outrage at ‘NSA hacking’

Friday, November 1, 2013 

Outrageous, OUTRAGEOUS I says!

Yeah yeah, the NSA didn’t pay you for the data this time?

Google outrage at ‘NSA hacking’

Posted at 01:18:25 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology

cyrus-sasl-saslauthd-2.1.26 auth_krb5.c compile error

Saturday, January 5, 2013 

Upgrading cyrus-sasl-saslauthd-2.1.25 to the current cyrus-sasl-saslauthd-2.1.26, I started to get auth_krb5.c compile errors that were terminating the compile like:

<command-line>: warning: this is the location of the previous definition
mv -f .deps/auth_getpwent.Tpo .deps/auth_getpwent.Po
-DSASLAUTHD_CONF_FILE_DEFAULT=\"/usr/local/etc/saslauthd.conf\" -I. -I.
-I.. -I. -I./include -I./include -I./../include   -I/usr/local/include
-DKRB5_HEIMDAL -I/usr/local/include  -O3 -pipe -march=native
-DLDAP_DEPRECATED -fno-strict-aliasing -MT auth_krb5.o -MD -MP -MF
.deps/auth_krb5.Tpo -c -o auth_krb5.o auth_krb5.c
In file included from mechanisms.h:35,
                 from auth_krb5.c:51:
saslauthd.h:190:1: warning: "KRB5_HEIMDAL" redefined
<command-line>: warning: this is the location of the previous definition
auth_krb5.c: In function 'auth_krb5_init':
auth_krb5.c:105: warning: assignment discards qualifiers from pointer
target type
auth_krb5.c:106: warning: assignment discards qualifiers from pointer
target type
auth_krb5.c: In function 'auth_krb5':
auth_krb5.c:184: error: 'krb5_verify_opt' undeclared (first use in this
auth_krb5.c:184: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
auth_krb5.c:184: error: for each function it appears in.)
auth_krb5.c:184: error: expected ';' before 'opt'
auth_krb5.c:233: error: 'opt' undeclared (first use in this function)
*** Error code 1

Stop in
*** Error code 1

Stop in
*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/security/cyrus-sasl2-saslauthd.

with some expert advice from the port maintainer, Hajimu UMEMOTO (what is not to love about BSD and open source?  Something goes wrong, the guy who knows everything about it tells you how to fix it right away).   He correctly ascertained that I had security/krb5 installed, a dependency of  openssh-portable.  Kerberos, HEIMDAL and GSSAPI occasionally have interactions, but his advice was to make with the directive KRB5_HOME=/usr/local. I put this into /etc/make.conf to make it permanent, deinstall/reinstalled security/krb5 and then cyrus-sasl-2.1.26 compiled perfectly.

Thanks Mr Umemoto!

Posted at 13:41:23 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology


Thursday, January 3, 2013 

With FreeBSD 9.1 out, it is time get all my ports upgraded in advance of doing the OS update.  The process is fairly painless, but occasionally, especially if you are slacking in the updates, a change in configuration causes the usually completely automatic “portupgrade -ra” to fail.

One such update was “Upgrading 'openldap-sasl-server-2.4.31' to 'openldap-server-2.4.33_2” which failed with a

===>  openldap-server-2.4.33_2 conflicts with installed package(s):

      They install files into the same place.
      You may want to stop build with Ctrl + C.
===>  License OPENLDAP accepted by the user
===>  Found saved configuration for openldap-server-2.4.33

===>  openldap-server-2.4.33_2 conflicts with installed package(s):

      They will not build together.
      Please remove them first with pkg_delete(1).
*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/net/openldap24-server.

But because this is FreeBSD and the open source community actually provides support, unlike, say Microsoft, where such an error would languish for months, if not years, with out a patch or any advice on how to fix it, the port maintainer, Xin Li, answered my question in less than 20 minutes with the following advice:

cd /usr/ports/net/openldap24-server
make config

Check “SASL” is checked?

Following his directions, everything compiled perfectly.

Posted at 15:49:42 UTC

Category: FreeBSD

..Graphics/Tiff & GCC 4.6.4

Friday, June 29, 2012 

The latest (as of this writing) GCC port to FreeBSD 9.0 ended up creating some compile problems when I did a portupgrade -ra: /usr/ports/graphics/tiff couldn’t find some libraries:

g++46: error: /usr/local/lib/gcc46/gcc/x86_64-portbld-freebsd9.0/4.6.3/crtbeginS.o: No such file or directory
g++46: error: /usr/local/lib/gcc46/gcc/x86_64-portbld-freebsd9.0/4.6.3/crtendS.o: No such file or directory
*** Error code 1

The problem is that there is no more 4.6.3 directory once you install 4.6.4.  I didn’t bother debugging the port problem, though I probably should have and informed the port maintainer and all of those good citizenship steps but instead took a shortcut that solved the problem:

cd /usr/local/lib/gcc46/gcc/x86_64-portbld-freebsd9.0/
ln -s 4.6.4 4.6.3
cd /usr/ports/graphics/tiff
make clean
portupgrade -ra

And all is good.

Posted at 02:54:55 UTC

Category: FreeBSD

p5-XML-SAX-0.99 Install Error

Tuesday, May 8, 2012 

If you’re trying to install p5-XML-SAX-0.99 and get a

Can't locate XML/SAX/ in @INC

error then you may need to

cd /usr/ports/textproc/p5-XML-SAX-Base
make distclean
make deinstall
make install clean

Then you can

cd /usr/ports/textproc/p5-XML-SAX
make distclean
make install clean

And you should get an error free install.  Apparently p5-XML-SAX-Base is a prereq that isn’t getting cleanly detected or updated in the make process for p5-XML-SAX.

Posted at 05:42:59 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology


Sunday, September 25, 2011 

If you get a “Variable CFLAGS is recursive.” error when doing a portupgrade -ra on freeBSD, it appears the make file is broken. “break19” debugged it in this post.

at line 64 change #CFLAGS+= to #CFLAGS:=

his fix worked for me.

Posted at 23:58:57 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology

PHP Startup: Unable to load

Tuesday, September 13, 2011 

I noticed the warning
PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/lib/php/20090626/' - /usr/local/lib/php/20090626/ Undefined symbol "php_session_create_id" in Unknown on line 0

in my apache logs.  Googling for it, some sites suggested that old files might  the cause.  But this is a pretty fresh install so I looked a little further and found a nerdstock note describing a similar problem.  I checked my /usr/local/etc/php/extensions.ini and finding that came after I moved it to the top of the file and the errors went away.

Posted at 00:29:25 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology

Rsync corrupted MAC on input

Saturday, August 27, 2011 

I am migrating my FreeNAS 7.x to a 8.x, which means copying the ZFS tank as there isn’t a tool for migrating the disks right now and upgrading them to the version of ZFS in 8.x. Kind of a pain in the butt that was made worse by the endless recurrence of an error like:

Received disconnect from 2: Packet corrupt
rsync: writefd_unbuffered failed to write 4 bytes to socket [sender]: Broken pipe (32)
rsync: connection unexpectedly closed (23734 bytes received so far) [sender]
rsync error: unexplained error (code 255) at io.c(601) [sender=3.0.7]

or something like:

Disconnecting: Packet corrupt
rsync: connection unexpectedly closed (581052724 bytes received so far) [receiver]
rsync error: error in rsync protocol data stream (code 12) at io.c(601) [receiver=3.0.8]
rsync: connection unexpectedly closed (202 bytes received so far) [generator]
rsync error: unexplained error (code 255) at io.c(601) [generator=3.0.8]

I figured my 7.x install had to be fine as I’ve been RSYNCing my server to it without error for about a year now, so the problem had to be in the new box and poking around for “packet corrupt rsync” on google was turning up a lot of *shrug* maybe bad RAM or a bad NIC. Hmmm… I tried command line push and pull from both boxes via SSH to see if I could get better results, no luck: a few files would transfer, maybe 10 seconds, maybe 5 minutes, then blop, bad packet, broken pipe, oh so informative “unexplained error” at io.c, start over. No way I was going to be able to transfer 3.5 TB 100MB at a time.

Finally I found this and checked the lovely graphical status monitor on the FreeNAS 7 box. It has 4GB of RAM, whichhas been plenty so far, but looking at the graph it was using about 95% of that memory. It had been up for 59 days so I was reluctant to reboot it, I mean uptime is a competition after all. But I took a dive and rebooted. Now, even with CIFS/SAMBA cranking some backup files simultaneously, RSYNC is running flawlessly at a nice steady 300mb/s, apparently limited by CPU (seems to be single threaded, maxing out one CPU and leaving the other idle, hmmm… problem for another day). I feel bad for doubting my FreeNAS 8 box, it was never the problem.

So if you’re getting RSYNC problems consider rebooting the server to free up RAM or even upgrading. The new box will have 12-16GB, which is about what is recommended for ZFS (1GB/TB) and things are looking pretty good. My RSYNC was running just -a –progress, no resource intensive -z option.

Posted at 00:24:53 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology

PHP default Lat Lon

Saturday, August 13, 2011 

Odd choice for the default lat/lon in php.ini,35.233305&spn=0.007799,0.007832&t=h&z=17

Posted at 02:14:29 UTC

Category: FreeBSDtechnology

TLS 1.0 Hatin’ the Game

Wednesday, June 1, 2011 

After much reading and interpreting, it became clear there was no more advice for configuration variations to get client cert login working. It seemed Chrome was doing it right, IE not even trying, and Firefox failing. No advice as to why and setting LogLevel to debug didn’t add much in the way of useful hints.


Jared Davenport, for reasons that would never have occurred to me, tried turning off TLS 1.0 in firefox as an allowed protocol. PCI compliance requires turning off a bunch of weaker/compromised protocols and ciphers anyway, so I already had:

SSLProtocol -ALL +SSLv3 +TLSv1

A quick test of

SSLProtocol -ALL +SSLv3

solved the problem with firefox. IE still refuses to talk to SSL, but IE is a stupidhead anyway. OK, it annoys me as the same client cert works on’s site so something there is working right that isn’t on my box, but as I never use IE, I think I can let it go

Posted at 01:21:25 UTC

Category: FreeBSDLinux