Lets encrypt with security/dehydrated (acme-client is dead)

Thursday, June 27, 2019 

Well….  security/acme-client is dead.  That’s sad.

Long live dehydrated, which uses the same basic authentication method and is pretty much a drop in replacement (unlike scripts which use DNS authentication, say).

In figuring out the transition, I relied on the following guides:

If you’re migrating from acme-client, you can delete it (if you haven’t already)

portmaster -e acme-client

And on to installation.  This guide is for libressl/apache24/bash/dehydrated.  It assumes you’ve been using acme-client and set it up more or less like this.

Installation of what’s needed

if you don’t have bash installed, you will. You can also build with ZSH but set the config before installing.

cd /usr/ports/security/dehydrated && make install clean && rehash

or

portmaster security/dehydrated

This guide also uses sudo, if it isn’t installed:

cd /usr/ports/security/sudo && make install clean && rehash

or

portmaster /security/sudo

Set up directories and accounts

mkdir -p /var/dehydrated
pw groupadd -n _letsencrypt -g 443
pw useradd -n _letsencrypt -u 443 -g 443 -d /var/dehydrated -w no -s /nonexistent
chown -R _letsencrypt /var/dehydrated

If migrating from acme-client this should be done but:

mkdir -p -m 775 /usr/local/www/.well-known/acme-challenge
chgrp _letsencrypt /usr/local/www/.well-known/acme-challenge

# If migrating from acme-client

chmod 775 /usr/local/www/.well-known/acme-challenge
chown -R _letsencrypt /usr/local/www/.well-known

Configure Dehydrated

ee /usr/local/etc/dehydrated/config

add/adjust

014 DEHYDRATED_USER=_letsencrypt

017 DEHYDRATED_GROUP=_letsencrypt

044 BASEDIR=/var/dehydrated

056 WELLKNOWN="/usr/local/www/.well-known/acme-challenge"

065 OPENSSL="/usr/local/bin/openssl"

098 CONTACT_EMAIL=gessel@blackrosetech.com

save and it should run:

su -m _letsencrypt -c 'dehydrated -v'

You should get roughly the following output:

# INFO: Using main config file /usr/local/etc/dehydrated/config
Dehydrated by Lukas Schauer
https://dehydrated.io

Dehydrated version: 0.6.2
GIT-Revision: unknown

OS: FreeBSD 11.2-RELEASE-p6
Used software:
bash: 5.0.7(0)-release
curl: curl 7.65.1
awk, sed, mktemp: FreeBSD base system versions
grep: grep (GNU grep) 2.5.1-FreeBSD
diff: diff (GNU diffutils) 2.8.7
openssl: LibreSSL 2.9.2

File adjustments and scripts

by default it will read /var/dehydrated/domains.txt for the list of domains to renew

Migrating from acme-client? Reuse your domains.txt, the format is the same.

mv /usr/local/etc/acme/domains.txt /var/dehydrated/domains.txt

Create the deploy script:

ee /usr/local/etc/dehydrated/deploy.sh

The following seems to be sufficient

#!/bin/sh

/usr/local/sbin/apachectl graceful

and make executable

chmod +x /usr/local/etc/dehydrated/deploy.sh

Give the script a try:

/usr/local/etc/dehydrated/deploy.sh

This will test your apache config and that the script is properly set up.

There’s a bit of a pain in the butt in as much as the directory structure for the certs changed. My previous guide would put certs at /usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/domain.com/cert.pem, this puts them at /var/dehydrated/certs/domain.com

Check the format of your certificate references and use/adjust as needed. This worked for me – note you can set your key locations to be the same in the config file, but the private key directory structure does change between acme-client and dehydrated.

sed -i '' "s|/usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/|/var/dehydrated/certs/|" /usr/local/etc/apache24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

Or if using httpd-ssl.conf

sed -i '' "s|/usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/|/var/dehydrated/certs/|" /usr/local/etc/apache24/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

And privkey moves from /usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/private/domain.com/privkey.pem to /var/dehydrated/certs/domain.com/privkey.pem so….

sed -i '' "s|/var/dehydrated/certs/private/|/var/dehydrated/certs/|" /usr/local/etc/apache24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# or

sed -i '' "s|/var/dehydrated/certs/private/|/var/dehydrated/certs/|" /usr/local/etc/apache24/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Git sum certs

su -m _letsencrypt -c 'dehydrated --register --accept-terms'

Then get some certs

su -m _letsencrypt -c 'dehydrated -c'

-c is “chron” mode which is how it will be called by periodic.

and “deploy”

/usr/local/etc/dehydrated/deploy.sh

If you get any errors here, track them down.

Verify your new certs are working

cd /var/dehydrated/certs/domain.com/
openssl x509 -noout -in fullchain.pem -fingerprint -sha256

Load the page in the browser of your choice and view the certificate, which should show the SHA 256 fingerprint matching what you got above.  YAY.

Automate Updates

ee /etc/periodic.conf

insert the following

weekly_dehydrated_enable="YES"
weekly_dehydrated_user="_letsencrypt"
weekly_dehydrated_deployscript="/usr/local/etc/dehydrated/deploy.sh"
weekly_dehydrated_flags="-g"

note the flag is –keep-going (-g) Keep going after encountering an error while creating/renewing multiple certificates in cron mode

Posted at 11:38:45 GMT-0700

Category: FreeBSDSecuritytechnology

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